In England, as with so many settings around the globe, researchers have long-debated how concepts of racism interplay with education, whether at the systemic or classroom level (see for example Gillborn, 1995). Race and purported levels of racism remain a contentious issue, causing governments to commission reports and researchers to scrutinise their limitations and implications of racism for education (Tikly, 2022). These issues are as pertinent as ever, perhaps even more so, given heightened xenophobia following the Brexit campaigns, and schools accused by government ministers of ignoring their duty to be politically impartial by supporting the ‘Black Lives Matter’ (BLM) movement. Teachers sit in the thick of it.
Against this backdrop, a Race and Education Film Club was conceived, funded by the Culham St Gabriel’s Trust to spark fresh dialogue, disrupt the more established narratives in education and, hence, perhaps to unsettle them (Biesta et al., 2019). Being a group of mainly religious education (RE) teachers, at a moment when RE is working hard to reinvent itself as ‘religion and worldviews’ (R&W), we wanted to explore what a distinctive R&W contribution could offer to consideration of the teaching and learning of race and education issues.
The conception was of a novel, creative, open – yet safe – space, where a diverse group of teachers and researchers could meet to discuss race, religion and education, prompted by a series of films (follow the link at the end of this blog for further details). This small-scale pilot consisted of three virtual screenings, watched asynchronously prior to an online discussion, and one face-to-face session. Dialogues were deliberately led by practising teachers, to foreground reflections, applications and impacts for teachers, for pedagogy and for learning in the classroom. In addition, three teachers and three academics recorded their responses to the films and discussions regularly in reflective journals. These varied personal trajectories, thoughts and insights were analysed inductively, to explore possibilities from participating in such a film club.
‘The conception was of a novel, creative, open – yet safe – space, where a diverse group of teachers and researchers could meet to discuss race, religion and education, prompted by a series of films.’
Four films later, a thought-provoking space has been created to discuss controversial issues, while promoting teachers’ subject and pedagogical knowledge. Discussions ranged widely, encompassing racial, ethnic, cultural and religious diversity, with an effort to talk about the relevance and meaning of these topics and portrayed experiences to teaching and increasing our understanding of our students and ourselves as classroom teachers and researchers.
‘Taking part was a heartening experience for me as a person of colour and as a teacher … I have come to appreciate the potential of film for my own teaching. Pivotal moments in the films evoked a million words where none were spoken. I will certainly use and promote film clips in lessons to support learning in anti-racist lessons or concerning equity … What can we do as teachers do to help BAME pupils? … start making changes now, in the hope of a brighter future.’ – R&W specialist primary teacher
‘As a white teacher, it’s too easy to be fragile, to not acknowledge the interplay of race in the classroom; these conversations have prepared me to be braver about talking about race and identity and supporting others to do so. It felt a very safe space for discussions, making me reflect on how I create a safe space myself as a teacher of controversial issues.’ – R&W specialist secondary teacher
As members of the film club traversed moments of disquiet and discomfort themselves, one teacher reflected that this ‘made me appreciate the emotional labour for kids of talking about the impact of racism’. The safe space to discuss controversial issues appears to have struck a balance between settled and unsettled, comfort and discomfort (Zembylas, 2018). This affective space where individuals come together to challenge their entrenched ideas, through discussing film, allows for pedagogies of discomfort often necessary for raising awareness – or critical consciousness (Freire, 2021) – yet does so with friendship and support.
Further information on the project is available here.
Biesta, G., Filippakou, O., Wainwright, E., & Aldridge, D. (2019). Why educational research should not just solve problems, but should cause them as well. British Educational Research Journal, 45(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3509
Freire, P. (2021). Pedagogy of hope: Reliving pedagogy of the oppressed. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Gillborn, D. (1995). Racism and antiracism in real schools: Theory, policy, practice. Open University Press.
Tikly, L. (2022). Racism and the future of antiracism in education: A critical analysis of the Sewell Report. British Educational Research Journal, 48(3), 469–487. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3776
Zembylas, M. (2018). Affect, race, and white discomfort in schooling: Decolonial strategies for ‘pedagogies of discomfort’. Ethics and Education, 13(1), 86–104. https://doi.org/10.1080/17449642.2018.1428714