Mary James, FAcSS, formally retired as Professor from the University of Cambridge Faculty of Education in 2014. She previously held posts at the Institute of Education London, the Open University and in three secondary schools. She is a Past President of the British Educational Research Association and was awarded its John Nisbet Fellowship in 2019. She was Deputy Director of the ESRC’s Teaching and Learning Research Programme. She was a member of the UK’s Assessment Reform Group and has, or continues, to advise governments and research councils in England, Wales, Hong Kong and the Nordic countries.