Dr. Jie Gao is a Research Fellow and Lecturer at UCL Institute of Education. Her research background lies in the psychology of education. Her research interests mainly include parenting, children’s play, agency, well-being and motivation theories. She is also interested in research on innovative methodologies. She has experience of using a wide range of research methods, particularly those of mixed-method approaches, such as Q-methodology. Her current research projects mainly focus on children’s voices in early childhood education and care; transition period from preschool to primary education; the development and evaluation of parenting programmes; and early years teacher continuing professional development.