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Although management, administration, and leadership have been studied for centuries, in recent times most theories have been heavily influenced by the technical and managerial approaches of the early 20th Century.  This may help to explain why the educational goals of the United Nations continue to be adopted, but never attained; hence, 57 million children worldwide remain out of school, and many others participate in a very low quality education.  Nevertheless, in 2015 in Incheon, Korea, 160 countries signed on, once again, to a new education goal, intended to ensure “Inclusive, equitable, and quality education and the promotion of lifelong learning opportunities for all” by 2030. This talk will assume that to meet this goal, educators need a different, more complex, and critical approach to educational leadership—one grounded in the values of equity, inclusion, justice, and excellence. Theories and approaches that espouse these values will be the focus of this address. 


Profile picture of Carolyn M. Shields
Carolyn M. Shields, Dr

Professor at Wayne State University

Dr. Carolyn M. Shields, president of CCEAM, is currently a professor of educational leadership at Wayne State University, Detroit. Dr. Shields taught high school for 19 years before completing her doctorate at the University of Saskatchewan,...